2014 Umberto Eco
Born in Alessandria in 1932 and deceased in Milan in 2016, the university teacher has not only pioneered the theory of signs, the interpretation of narrative texts, the role and meaning of literature in society and the theory of translation In the past ten years. He has also dealt with the role and significance of the book in history, the present and the future, including in his great conversation "The Great Future of the Book" (Munich 2010) and above all in his declaration of love for the bibliophilia "The Art of Book Loving" (Munich 2009). The Italian writer, columnist, philosopher and media scientist was probably the most well-known contemporary semiotics. Through his novels, especially "The Name of the Rose" (Milan 1980) and "The Foucault Pendulum" (Milan 1988), he became world famous. In addition, they are a very outstanding commitment to the written tradition, to the cultural history of dealing with libraries and to the wisdom implied in the books. In 2005, Umberto Eco was voted the second most important intellectual in the world. He was also co-founder and publisher of the internet magazine "Golem l'Indispensabile". In 2014, Eco was honored with the Gutenberg Prize for his brilliant cultural-theoretical reflections and his novels, which have introduced millions of international readers to book culture and book history.