1974 Hermann Zapf
Born in 1918 in Nurnberg and deceased in Darmstadt in 2015, font designer Hermann Zapf discovered his passion for calligraphy during his apprenticeship as a retoucher. When he moved to Frankfurt / Main in 1938 and worked as an independent typographer and calligrapher, he already designed his first type "Gilgengart". After Reich Labor Services and Prisoners of War in France, he returned to his home in Nurnberg four weeks after the end of the war. In the following years he worked as an artistic director for the D. Stempel AG from 1947 to 1956 and worked as a lecturer in typography at the university in Offenbach / Main. During this time, Zapf designed twelve stamps for the Deutsche Bundespost.
Other jobs at Suhrkamp, Insel, Büchergilde Gutenberg or Carl Hanser Verlag followed. The writings were created: Palatino, Aldus and Optima, which are still widespread today. Since then, he has also been a member of the International Center for the Typographic Arts, and has taught at the Rochester Institute of Technology and the College of Graphic Arts and Photography. Together with Donald E. Knuth in 1989 he gave a documentation of the font family under the title "AMS-Euler. A New Typeface for Mathematics ". It included the Latin letters, a Greek, a Fraktur and a cursive script.
Overall, Zapf designed over 200 fonts, broken fonts and the Pannigerian alphabet. In 1974, Hermann Zapf was awarded the Gutenberg Prize by the international Gutenberg Society for Book Art, as well as forward-looking work, especially in relation to the transition from lead to phototype.