1998 Prof. Dr. Henri-Jean Martin
Born in 1924 and deceased in 2007, Prof. Dr. med. Henri-Jean Martin was one of the most important book historians of our century. As a librarian at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris and chief curator of the Municipal Libraries of Lyon, as well as a professor of the École nationale des chartes, in 1985 he was appointed president of the Institut d'Etudes du Livre in Paris, whose honorary president he still is today is. Martin is considered to be the founder of a new, social and cultural science-oriented book science and thus as an inspiration for book science research in worldwide book research. His most famous publication is, among others, the work "L'Apparition du livre", as well as the "Histoire de l'édition francaise". His work on the effect of text design and layout in the manuscript age of 1990 was groundbreaking as well ("Mise en page et mise en text du livre manuscript"). The historian of books took several positions on direct Gutenberg research, especially on the question of the distribution and impact of his inventions in Europe. In 1998, Martin was the first French winner to receive the Gutenberg Prize of the City of Mainz and the International Gutenberg Society for his impressive life's work.